This species feeds through the stomata of the host plant ochoa et al. Added in 2006 deleted in 2010 reasons for deletion. The red palm mite raoiella indica, an invasive species in the caribbean. What is the southern limit of the distribution of red palm. Twentyeight species of predatory arthropods, including mites and insects, have been reported in association with r.
Recently, rpm dispersed throughout the caribbean islands and has. African journal of biotechnology oxidative enzymes in. Raoiella is a genus of mite belonging to the family tenuipalpidae species. The increase in oxidative enzyme activities is related to diminished mite infestation. This mite was described from coimbatore, south india on coconut leaves hirst 1924. Oct 05, 2018 the mechanisms involved in the acceptance and choice of prey by predatory mites are still poorly understood. Recently, rpm dispersed throughout the caribbean islands and has reached both the north and south american continents. A pest of several species of palm in the middle east and south east asia, it is now becoming established throughout the caribbean. Since its description in 1924 from southern india, the distribution of the red palm mite remained restricted to the old world until 2004, when it was found damaging coconut on the caribbean island.
Middle east, iran, pakistan, southeast asia, africa, and since 2004 also in the caribbean, central and south. Tenuipalpidae, is a pest of coconut, areca palm, and date. The rpm introductions have caused severe damage to palm species, and bananas. Tenuipalpidae infestation on chlorophyll and photosynthetic efficiency of areca catechue. Raoiella indicawas deleted in 2010 as a britishdutchbelgian pra and an eppo pra respectively concluded that it was not a risk for the eppo region. It has since spread to dominica 2005, dominican republic 2006, puerto rico 2006, trinidad 2006, st. Tetranychidae only with longer spatulate setae and lacking their web spinning ability. Biologi tungau merah kelapa, raoiella indica, pada beberapa varietas kelapa. Raoiella indica lives on the underside of coconut leaves in groups of a few individuals to hundreds. Biology of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on different coconut varieties red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst acari. Functional response of amblyseius largoensis to raoiella.
For instance, these mites have been recorded on 118 plant species that belong to plant families such as arecaceae, heliconiaceae, musaceae. International journal of environment agriculture and biotechnologyissn. Economic impact of ias in the caribbean invasive species. Acari, prostigmata, tetranychoidea, tenuipalpidae morphology. External mouthpart morphology in the tenuipalpidae. The present study was designed to determine whether previous feeding experience of amblyseius largoensis muma acari. Tenuipalpidae, is an invasive pest in the new world, where it is currently considered a serious threat to coconut and banana crops. Biology of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on different. It was first reported from northern venezuela in 2007. Raoiella indica, commonly known as the red palm mite, is a species of mite belonging to the family tenuipalpidae. Raoiella indica red palm mite illustration female and male.
Mar 01, 2016 the red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst acari. There are a few females with eggs placed in a circle in early infestations but in older colonies, the majority of the eggs are deposited around the perimeter. Aditionally, changes in oxidative enzyme activities peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase. To determine its current distribution in this country, surveys were carried out from october 2008 to. Tenuipalpidae is a phytophagous mite that recently invaded the neotropical region. The first western hemisphere report of the red palm mite was in 2004 from the. To control this mite, understanding on its biology is essential.
The red palm mite rpm has been observed attacking bananas and plantains in. Raoiella indica does not feed on the epidermal cells like some mite species. Raoiella indica is a bright red mite that parasitizes many important plant species, principally palm and banana species. Tenuipalpidae is an invasive alien species ias, which was first detected in the western hemisphere in the island of martinique in 2004. Middle east, iran, pakistan, southeast asia, africa, and since 2004 also in the caribbean, central and. Until recently, the red palm mite was found in india, egypt, israel, mauritius, reunion, sudan, iran, oman, pakistan. Chemical control of the red palm mite, raoiella indica acari. It can cause severe damage to arecaceae, especially coconut cocos nucifera l. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. The body shape is oval and flattened and the male can be distinguished from the female by the distinct triangular abdomen kane and ochoa, 2006. Some biological aspects of raoiella indica hirst reared on the coconut cultivars jamaican tall jt, malayan yellow dwarf myd, niu leka nl and a hybrid jt x myd were studied under laboratory conditions. Pdf the invasive red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst. Pdf biology of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on different. Tenuipalpidae and its damage to coconut palms in puerto rico and culebra island.
Raoiella indica female leg i, same leg in different focal planes sol solenidion. Tenuipalpidae, is a pest of coconut, areca palm, and date palms in egypt, india, iran, israel, mauritius, pakistan, philippines, sri lanka, sudan and is probably widespread in tropical and subtropical regions in the old world. Chemical control of the red palm mite, raoiella indica. Your use of this pdf, the bioone complete website, and all posted and associated. The red palm mite rpm, raoiella indica hirst, is a predominant pest of coconuts, date palms and other palm species, as well as a major pest of bananas musa spp.
Red palm mite colonies get established on the underside of the leaf along the midrib. Flat mites of the world contains interactive keys, fact sheets, descriptions, and images to aid in the identification of flat mites from the united states and around the world. Howard this information is provided as a guide to management of red palm mite rpm and may change. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. They feed on leaf cell content that is accessed through the stomata or by piercing the plant tissue with their styletlike mouthparts. It is believed this feeding habit may interfere with photosynthesis and respiration in host plants carrillo et al. Tenuipalpidae, has emerged as a new threat to coconut plantation in. The red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst, an important pest of coconut, banana, and date palms is a new invasive pest in the western hemisphere. Tenuipalpidae, has emerged as a new threat to coconut plantation in indonesia.
Interest has arisen in the possibility of classical biological control due to the abundance of predators reported in the old world. The mechanisms involved in the acceptance and choice of prey by predatory mites are still poorly understood. Tenuipalpidae, has been reported to cause major losses to coconut, cocos nucifera l. Tenuipalpidae revealed host plant use in this species could be. Tenuipalpidae eggs could influence the predators functional response and related parameters.
The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs alternatively, you can download the pdf file directly to your computer, from where it. Variability in response of four populations of amblyseius. Raoiella indica is a new invasive pest threatening ornamental palm, coconut, and banana plantations. Report reference no updated report of red palm mite. Research article biology of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on different coconut varieties biologi tungau merah kelapa, raoiella indica, pada beberapa varietas kelapa aulia nusantara 1, 2, y. This species is considered to be an important pest in india, philippines, mauritius and egypt, and also has been collected in pakistan, israel, russia and sudan moutia 1958, rimando. Colony of red palm mites raoiella indica on coconut leaflet, from india. In addition, an ltsem study on the specialized feeding behaviour of raoiella indica hirst tetranychoidea.
One of these less known species is the red palm mite raoiella indica hirst. Biology of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on different coconut varieties. Abstract this is the first report of the occurrence of the red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst, and its damage in puerto rico and culebra island. November december 2008 739 the red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst, is of oriental origin. Updated report of red palm mite raoiella indica in guyana 1. The presence and distribution of the red palm mite. Potential economic impact and description of damage. The red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst, a pest of several important ornamental and fruitproducing palm species, has invaded the western hemisphere and is in the process of colonizing islands in the caribbean, as well as other areas on the mainland. Distribution details in benin of raoiella indica raoiin current pest situation evaluated by eppo on the basis of information dated 2010. The mite was observed in eastern puerto rico and on culebra island infesting and causing damage to coconut, cocos nucifera l.
The egg colonies of red palm mites range from 110300. Adult females of the red palm mite, raoiella indica hirst. Since then, the mite has spread to most caribbean islands, florida and venezuala, causing foliar damage to. Pdf chemical control of the red palm mite, raoiella. The rpm introductions have caused severe damage to palm species, and. Geographic distribution and host plants of raoiella indica. The invasion of this species is the biggest mite explosion ever observed in the americas. Chemical control of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on ornamentals from. Tenuipalpidae, is a severe pest of a myriad of ecologically and agriculturally important crops carrillo et al. Chemical control of red palm mite, raoiella indica, on. An economic assessment of the impact of raoiella indica on the nariva swamp, trinidad and tobago marc garcia 68 socioeconomic assessment of the impact of an invasive alien species on the beekeeping industry in trinidad and tobago. The effects of three coconut varieties salak dwarf, local sumenep tall, and hybrid coconuts on the development and fecundity of r. The red palm mite rpm, raoiella indica hirst acari.599 692 1034 1239 477 392 1501 52 870 286 186 743 1313 412 549 1043 437 928 1029 1029 723 274 1221 444 482 60 253 1549 1182 1180 1249 151 1381 1382 1341 874 477 1432 1423 1171 670 753 667 338 1334