The advantages of autocratic leadership are few in comparison to other leadership styles, but this style does have an important role at times. Also known as the authoritarian leadership theory, the autocratic leadership theory involves taking charge of the group in the same way a dictator might take control of a country. Your leadership style affects every aspect of your small business, from how your employees approach their work to how you implement business strategies. In almost all cases, autocratic leadership style helps improve organizational efficiency and contribute to the bottom line in the shortterm.
In addition, in this style of leadership, managers dont take care of the opinions of their staff and ore not open to changes. The autocratic leadership style was first described by lewin, lippitt, and white in 1938, along with the democratic leadership and the laissezfaire leadership styles. Some projects require strong leadership in order to get things accomplished quickly and efficiently. A critique of the characteristics of an autocratic. Autocratic leadership is an extreme form of transactional leadership. Some business owners adopt an autocratic management style, viewing their employees as nothing more than chess pieces, perhaps. In an autocratic leadership style, the person in charge has total authority and control over decision making. Downsides of autocratic leadership while autocratic leadership can be beneficial at times, there are also many instances where this leadership style can be problematic. Characteristics of autocratic leadership in an autocratic leadership style, the person in charge has total authority and control over decision making.
He is supreme in delegating duties to his subordinates which they are obligated to complete. As you may be able to guess, the autocratic leadership theory is based on autocracy or authoritarianism in governments. Autocratic leaders rely on specific rules, policies, and procedures to govern all processes within the workplace. Jul 14, 2014 autocratic leadership is often witnessed when a leader is dealing with employees who have very low levels of knowledge, experience and skill. Chief librarians that autocratic leadership style, no matter the colour it is painted remains a leadership. While the advantages and disadvantages of leadership styles are not always readily apparent, one thing is certain being decisive while avoiding autocratic leadership tactics is necessary for successful. The impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style. As it is negative in character, authoritarian approach will succeed only in the short run. A manager with this style typically relies on his authority, assertiveness, position and fear to motivate workers to complete tasks on time. In autocratic leadership style, leaders have full authority over others in making decisions. On the other hand, a leadership style in which the leader values the opinions and suggestions of the. Autocratic leadership does it have a place in todays.
Well study the contexts in which it was born and look at how it is shaping the modern world. This current research investigates the impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction in private and public school. However, it still has a place in the overall leadership. People who abuse an autocratic leadership style are often viewed as bossy, controlling, and dictatorial, which can lead to resentment among group members. Although it has fallen out of favor in recent decades, the autocratic leadership style is still prevalent. Autocratic leadership is associated with control and decision making being solely with the leader. Frustration, low morale, and conflict develop easily in autocratic leadership. List of books and articles about leadership styles and. This is an extremely effective leadership style when organizations need to achieve goals within a short time frame. The impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction article pdf available in international business research 52 january 2012 with 56,768 reads how we measure reads. In the autocratic leadership style, the leader centralizes the decisionmaking power in himself and give directions to his subordinates as to what they are supposed to do. Feb 24, 2017 autocratic leadership is more efficient to tackle intra organizational conflicts including the distribution of scarce resources. The autocratic leadership process generally entails one person making all strategic decisions for subordinates. An autocratic leader is one who does not delegate tasks but rather maintains total control of subordinates and expects complete compliance.
So, here we describe some advantages and disadvantages of autocratic leadership which are mention below. Diagramatic representation of autocratic leadership style. Describe the autocratic leader, including at least 4 advantages and disadvantages. Autocratic leadership is a management style wherein one person controls all the decisions and takes very little inputs from other group members. Advantages and disadvantages of autocratic leadership.
Autocratic leaders get work done by issuing threats and punishments and evoking fear. Leadership styles and theory leadership is the process of motivating a group of people to act towards accomplishing a common task. List of the advantages of the autocratic leadership style 1. Benefits of autocratic leadership the autocratic style tend to sound quite negative. When there is an autocratic leadership established. The first and foremost advantage of this type of leadership style is that it helps the company in making a quick decision as the decision is centralized with the leader. Autocratic leadership is the coercive type of leadership in which power concentrates in the hand of one person or a group of individual. In this guide, well examine autocratic leadership and what it has meant in the past. He autocratic leadership or authoritarian is a form of leadership in which the leaders of the organization have absolute power over their workers or the teams they lead the autocratic style characterizes the. Jul 11, 2017 the article presents you all the differences between autocratic and democratic leadership. Autocratic leaders make choices or decisions based on their own beliefs and do not involve others for their suggestion or advice. When this is coupled with insufficient time to train and educate the staff member a more direct approach to leadership is required to in order to complete tasks within the set timescale. The autocratic leader is the one who directs the subordinates, considering that he is the most competent when it comes to directing and taking all decisions.
Autocratic or leadercentered style of leadership is one in which the leader has all the power to make decisions. In this type of leadership, the rules and procedures that teams use are quite rigid. Dunlaps leadership is the perfect example of the impact of autocratic leadership style on the organization. Autocratic leaders rely on specific rules, policies, and procedures to. Autocratic leadership is an extreme form of transactional leadership, where a leader exerts high levels of power over his or her employees or team members. To be effective, the leader must be able to have proven competencies in their field, as they are responsible for making most of the decisions in the. Motivation the democratic leadership style gave the highest level motivation from children and their work continued even when the teacher left the room, in contrast, work from the children ceased altogether under the autocratic leadership. Therefore, we concluded that creativity was an important construct, necessary to conduct research in this field, considering that the diversity of ideas, if properly analyzed, can have a major positive impact on the. May 31, 2018 autocratic leadership is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. Leadership is not something that can be trained like a skill, but if autocratic leadership style is having a negative effect, there are steps that can be taken to help a manager or leader improve. Autocratic style leadership meaning, advantage, disadvantage. Autocratic leaders typically make choices based on their own ideas and judgments and rarely accept advice from followers. The autocratic leader accomplishes the results through the use of authority, fear of deprivation, punishment and such other negative rewards.
Study on autocratic leadership style management essay autocratic leadership is an extreme form of transactional leadership, where leaders have absolute power over their workers or team. Pdf this current research investigates the impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction in private and public school. Examples of autocratic leadership in companies brighthub. An autocratic leadership style is similar to an authoritarian leadership style. Simplification of work another advantage of autocratic leadership is that it is simplified, everything goes through a person who controls the whole process. Pdf the paper aims at detecting relations between participative management and. Pdf the impact of autocratic and democratic leadership.
In addition, workers are supervised at all times, which reduces the likelihood of mistakes or wrong doing the job. The autocratic leadership style does not instill learning mentality which is. Difference between autocratic and democratic leadership with. Doc phpadvantagesanddisadvantagesofautocratic leadership. The autocratic leadership style is also good for unskilled workers, which asks employee to do paper printing or.
Person assert ones will over another in an arrogant way. The autocratic style provides fast crisis management benefits. You can think this is unbelievable but autocratic leadership also has some advantages. Advantages and disadvantages of different leadership styles. Jul 26, 2016 the historical examples of autocratic leaders hold the key to understanding the type of leadership this model suggests.
Motivation the democratic leadership style gave the highest level motivation from children and their work continued even when the teacher left the room, in contrast, work from the children ceased altogether under the autocratic leadership style. When there is an autocratic leadership established within an organization, there are fewer levels of administration that must be kept informed of each decision. The autocratic style is to immediate response where business faces a crisis. You might say it is a request that induces compliance or obedience. There are number of recognized versions, or styles, of leadership, some of which have been shown to be more effective than others. Well examine the core characteristic of the leadership style and provide you with the traits of an autocratic leader. That being an autocratic leader was sometimes more important to get the organisation moving than it was to take the time to get peoples buyin. Autocratic leadership autocratic or leadercentered style of leadership is one in which the leader has all the power to make decisions. Employees become tense, fearful, or resentful employees expect to have their opinions heard employees begin depending on their manager to make all their decisions there is low employee morale, high turnover and absenteeism 2.
Autocratic leadership assumes that employee motivation comes not through empowerment, but by creating a structured set of rewards and punishments. Under this type of leadership style there is no delay as decision rests with single authority and in times of crunch situation where a quick decision is needed autocratic leader proves to be advantageous for the company. Autocratic leadership is more efficient to tackle intra organizational conflicts including the distribution of scarce resources. The leadership styles chosen for this research study are. This apparent return of autocratic leadership, as described above, got me thinking about three specific questions. The effect of autocratic leadership style on employee productivity a case study of power holding company of nigeria phcn abstract autocratic leadership style is a system of leadership in which the leaders use in controlling the subordinates, has unrestricted power, it is a centralized system of administration whose nature is always forceful on the employers. List of books and articles about leadership styles and theory.
By virtue of their position and job responsibilities, they not only control the efforts of the team, but monitor them for completion often under close scrutiny this style is reminiscent of the earliest tribes and empires. Autocratic leadership was commonly adopted by many practicing managers and leaders in the past. The autocratic leadership style means that the person in charge has the entire control upon all decision making. Project topic on the effect of autocratic leadership. Cooperative and autocratic leadership styles in negotiations. The article presents you all the differences between autocratic and democratic leadership. Autocratic leadership is an extreme form of transactional leadership, where leaders have absolute power over their workers or team. Gender had no effect on expressing leadership styles and creativity. The interesting thing is, his team appeared to support him. Autocratic leadership examples can be found in all positions of power, such as community leaders, workplace managers, religious leaders and even in the home. A directive type of leadership, which has been called autocratic in the past, entails making all of the decisions yourself as the manager, directing your staff to follow. He observes his subordinates to avoid deviations from the guidelines he has proposed. Here, the leader makes the decision by himself without taking any advice from others. Difference between autocratic and democratic leadership.
Compare democratic and autocratic leadership essay sample. Participative management and its links to rewarding strategies and job satisfaction in smes article pdf available april 2018 with 14,028 reads. In the roman empire, the emperors were considered autocratic leaders. Essentially, an autocracy is a dictatorship, where one person has unlimited. No one can question the decision made by the autocratic leader. Autocratic leadership is very similar to the authoritarian leadership style. Salem, 20 not only do leaders monitor the efforts of the followers, but often they track followers schedules closely as well. Autocratic leadership styles which are a more bossy way of managing sub ordinates, based upon. This improvement is however a quick fix, coming at the cost of erosion of a companys. Conversely, the democratic leaders spent much of their time making guiding suggestions, giving information and encouraging. A critique of the characteristics of an autocratic leadership style. However, autocratic leadership can be beneficial in some instances, such as when decisions need to be made quickly without consulting with a large group of people. An autocratic leader is wellequipped to deal with a crisis situation. Autocratic leadership style unl digital commons university of.
In almost all cases, autocratic leadership style helps improve organizational efficiency. Feedback can improve an autocratic leadership style. As far as specific examples thats tougher to pin point everyone has experience with this leadership. It is obvious from the fact that managers guide the.
Autocratic leadership can be defined as a leadership style, wherein a clear line of demarcation between leader and follower exist, as the leader has got absolute power of commanding and decision making. In the autocratic leadership pattern the leaders spent a high portion of their time giving orders, making disruptive commands and criticism. Autocratic leadership is an extreme version of taskoriented or assertive leadership. Leadership mba masterclass offers an important and incisive contribution to the current debate. Autocratic leadership, also known as authoritarian leadership, is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. May 10, 2019 autocratic leadership examples can be found in all positions of power, such as community leaders, workplace managers, religious leaders and even in the home. The autocratic leadership style should not be used when. For this purpose a questionnaire was developed and. Introduction leadership has been defined akintunde, 2001 as the process of influencing others to get the job done effectively over sustained period of time.
You might say it is a request that induces compliance or. An autocratic leader will not listen to the ideas of her subordinates and will make all highlevel decisions on her own. Leadership is central to determining the success or failure of an organization, and its high priority on the management agenda is reflected in the number of businesses covering this essential subject. The basic styles of leadership having been discussed above, for the purpose of this study, only the last three leadership styles are taken into account. A critique of the characteristics of an autocratic leadership. Dec 21, 20 autocratic leadership the word make a negative impact when we hear. Well also study the strengths and weaknesses of this style of leadership. Study on autocratic leadership style management essay.
In 1939, a group of researchers led by germanamerican psychologist kurt lewin identified three major leadership styles. I have a vivid memory of him stating, with a form of pride, that he was an autocratic leader. The effect of autocratic leadership style on employee productivity a case study of power holding company of nigeria phcn abstract autocratic leadership style is a system of leadership. The autocratic leadership style is also known as authoritarian, directive or monothetic style. Autocratic leadership can be beneficial in some instances, such as when decisions need to be made quickly without consulting with a large group of people. The autocratic style is one of the most recognized forms of directive leadership. People dislike it especially if it is extreme and the motivational style is negative. Leaders in institutions of higher education have been observed to be exhibiting autocratic leadership style. Someone whos taking no account of other peoples wishes or opinions. Compare democratic and autocratic leadership 9 september 2016 leadership, a crucial element in business, can be defined as a process of influencing the activities of an organized group toward goal achievement yukl, 20, p. Staff and team members have little opportunity to make suggestions, even if these would be in the teams or the organizations best interest. It certainly can be when overused or applied to the wrong groups or situations. The autocratic leadership style can be illustrated in the structure of a pyramid, whereby on the top of the hierarchy stands the leader, while employees are below.1536 424 146 1048 1510 374 398 7 421 231 610 308 90 804 655 1135 223 1063 90 28 105 860 828 288 902 1315 1252 648 56 1145 17 746 1476